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Adaptive radiotherapy based on contrast enhanced cone beam CT imaging.

Submitted by holger on Tue, 2011/07/12 - 20:19
TitleAdaptive radiotherapy based on contrast enhanced cone beam CT imaging.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsSøvik, A, Rødal, J, Skogmo, HK, Lervåg, C, Eilertsen, K, Malinen, E
JournalActa oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden)
Date Published2010 Oct
KeywordsAnimals, Carcinoma, Cone-Beam Computed Tomography, Contrast Media, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Female, Maxillary Neoplasms, Patient Positioning, Radiographic Image Enhancement, Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted

Cone beam CT (CBCT) imaging has become an integral part of radiation therapy, with images typically used for offline or online patient setup corrections based on bony anatomy co-registration. Ideally, the co-registration should be based on tumor localization. However, soft tissue contrast in CBCT images may be limited. In the present work, contrast enhanced CBCT (CECBCT) images were used for tumor visualization and treatment adaptation. Material and methods. A spontaneous canine maxillary tumor was subjected to repeated cone beam CT imaging during fractionated radiotherapy (10 fractions in total). At five of the treatment fractions, CECBCT images, employing an iodinated contrast agent, were acquired, as well as pre-contrast CBCT images. The tumor was clearly visible in post-contrast minus pre-contrast subtraction images, and these contrast images were used to delineate gross tumor volumes. IMRT dose plans were subsequently generated. Four different strategies were explored: 1) fully adapted planning based on each CECBCT image series, 2) planning based on images acquired at the first treatment fraction and patient repositioning following bony anatomy co-registration, 3) as for 2), but with patient repositioning based on co-registering contrast images, and 4) a strategy with no patient repositioning or treatment adaptation. The equivalent uniform dose (EUD) and tumor control probability (TCP) calculations to estimate treatment outcome for each strategy. Results. Similar translation vectors were found when bony anatomy and contrast enhancement co-registration were compared. Strategy 1 gave EUDs closest to the prescription dose and the highest TCP. Strategies 2 and 3 gave EUDs and TCPs close to that of strategy 1, with strategy 3 being slightly better than strategy 2. Even greater benefits from strategies 1 and 3 are expected with increasing tumor movement or deformation during treatment. The non-adaptive strategy 4 was clearly inferior to all three adaptive strategies. Conclusion. CECBCT may prove useful for adaptive radiotherapy.

Alternate JournalActa Oncol
PubMed ID20831484
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